## Abstract

Graphs of clique-width at most k were introduced by Courcelle, Engelfriet and Rozenberg (1993) as graphs which can be defined by k-expressions based on graph operations which use k vertex labels. In this paper we study the clique-width of perfect graph classes. On one hand, we show that every distance-hereditary graph, has clique-width at most 3, and a 3-expression defining it can be obtained in linear time. On the other hand, we show that the classes of unit interval and permutation graphs are not of bounded clique-width. More precisely, we show that for every in N there is a unit interval graph I_{n} and a permutation graph H_{n} having n^{2} vertices, each of whose clique-width is at least n. These results allow us to see the border within the hierarchy of perfect graphs between classes whose clique-width is bounded and classes whose clique-width is unbounded. Finally we show that every n×n square grid, in N, n ≥ 3, has clique-width exactly n+1.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 423-443 |

Number of pages | 21 |

Journal | International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science |

Volume | 11 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2000 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Clique-width
- distance hereditary graphs
- permutation graphs
- square grids
- unit interval graphs

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Science (miscellaneous)