Let ℱ be a natural exponential family onℝ and (V, Ω) be its variance function. Here, Ω is the mean domain of ℱ and V, defined on Ω, is the variance of ℱ. A problem of increasing interest in the literature is the following: Given an open interval Ω⊂ℝ and a function V defined on Ω, is the pair (V, Ω) a variance function of some natural exponential family? Here, we consider the case where V is a polynomial. We develop a complex-analytic approach to this problem and provide necessary conditions for (V, Ω) to be such a variance function. These conditions are also sufficient for the class of third degree polynomials and certain subclasses of polynomials of higher degree.
- Mathematics Subject Classification (1980): 62E10, 60J30
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty