On paradoxes and the experience of duality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Opposing attitudes, emotions, or perceptions of self and other that set the stage for experiences of duality influence our interactions and self-other schemas. The experience of duality that has been conceptualised as conflict, self state, and paradox" in psychoanalytic theory has been extensively considered, particularly in terms of its manifestation in transference- countertransference relations and in the analytic material from patients' experiences. They have not, however, been compared and contrasted as entities that lead to similar kinds of experience. Scant attention has been paid, moreover, to paradox as a mental organisation that underlies certain experiences of duality. The concept of paradox has thus been emphasised and developed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-17
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Forum of Psychoanalysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • ambiguity
  • conflicts
  • experience of duality
  • mental organisations
  • paradoxes
  • self-states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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