Occupational strain and job satisfaction: The job demand–resource moderation–mediation model in haemodialysis units

Mohamad Ghanayem, Einav Srulovici, Cheryl Zlotnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To examine whether job resources moderate the relationship between job demands and occupational strain, and whether occupational strain mediates the relationship between job demands and job satisfaction. Background: The job demand–resource model suggests that job demands and job resources are related to occupational strain, and occupational strain is associated with job satisfaction. Methods: In 2018, a cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 85 nurses from six haemodialysis units. Linear regression with moderation–mediation analysis was conducted using SPSS software. Results: Under low workload levels, no association between autonomy and occupational strain existed, but under high workload levels, a negative relationship was found between autonomy and occupational strain. Under low workload levels, a negative relationship was found between social support and occupational strain, but under high workload levels, a positive relationship was found. Finally, there was no association between occupational strain and job satisfaction. Conclusion: Job resources are moderators of the relationship between job demands and occupational strain. However, there was no significant association between occupational strain and job satisfaction. Implications for Nursing Management: Nurse leaders should strengthen nurses' autonomy, which can reduce occupational strain. Additionally, sources of support are needed to help nurses cope with the workload and occupational strain.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Keywords

  • haemodialysis
  • job demand–resource model
  • job satisfaction
  • moderation–mediation
  • occupational strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

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