Gender differences in perceived quality of employment (achievement, content, job insecurity, time autonomy and physical and emotional conditions) are examined. The study asks whether women's occupations provide better conditions in areas that facilitate their dual role in society, as a trade-off for low monetary rewards. Specifically, it examines the association of women's concentration in broader occupational categories, embedded in particular national contexts, with gender differences in job quality. Utilizing the 2005 ISSP modules on work orientation shows that women lag behind men on most dimensions of job quality, countering the hypothesis that women's occupations compensate for their low wages and limited opportunities for promotion by providing better employment conditions. However, as women's relative share in occupations grows the gender gap narrows in most job quality dimensions. The implications of these results are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by Israel Science Foundation, grant no. 323/10.
- comparative study
- gender inequality
- job quality
- occupational segregation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Economics and Econometrics
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management