Simple, analytically solvable models of normal mode propagation in the coastal ocean are developed and applied to study the effect of the seafloor bathymetry on modal travel times. Within the adiabatic approximation, horizontal inhomogeneity of the waveguide is found to change the modal dispersion curves in a way that helps separation of the modal components of the acoustic field using the time-warping transform. It is shown that moderate seafloor slopes can lead to surprisingly large errors in retrieved geoacoustic parameters and cause a positive bias in bottom sound speed estimates if horizontal refraction is ignored.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by NSF, Grant No. OCE1657430; BSF, Grant No. 2016545; and ONR, Award No. N00014-19-WX-00462.
© 2019 U.S. Government.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics