For the precise coordination of systemic functions, the nervous system uses a variety of peripherally and centrally localized receptors, which transmit information from internal and external environments to the central nervous system. Tight interconnections between the immune, nervous, and endocrine systems provide a base for monitoring and consequent modulation of immune system functions by the brain and vice versa. The immune system plays an important role in tumorigenesis. On the basis of rich interconnections between the immune, nervous and endocrine systems, the possibility that the brain may be informed about tumorigenesis is discussed in this review article. Moreover, the eventual modulation of tumorigenesis by central nervous system is also considered. Prospective consequences of the interactions between tumor and brain for diagnosis and therapy of cancer are emphasized.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank MD. Peter Ujhazy, PhD for valuable contributions. This work was supported by Grant of Comenius University UK/40/2006.
- Autonomic nervous system
- Vagus nerve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology