Nested Clade and Phylogeographic Analyses of the Chub, Leuciscus cephalus (Teleostei, Cyprinidae), in Greece: Implications for Balkan Peninsula Biogeography

Jean Dominique Durand, Alan R. Templeton, Bruno Guinand, Anastasia Imsiridou, Yvette Bouvet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships among Greek populations of the chub, Leuciscus cephalus, were investigated using 600 bp of the cytochrome b gene. The aim of this study was to test the assumption that the main difference in ichthyological composition between both sides of the Balkan Peninsula is directly linked to differences in the dispersion mechanisms used by fish in order to extend their distribution range. Phylogenetic and nested clade analyses clearly showed that populations in Greece are significantly differentiated. Greek populations were found to descend from three lineages in three geographical provinces: Western, Central, and Eastern Greece. The chub reached Western Greece at the beginning of the Pleistocene and Eastern Greece during the mid-Pleistocene. Chub dispersion occurred mainly by river confluence due to sea level lowering and river capture in Western Greece and sea dispersal with low-salinity conditions within the Aegean Sea in Eastern Greece. However, in Central Greece, the original mtDNA lineage has presumably been lost owing to a genetic introgression following a second invasion from the Danube during the final stage of the last glaciation. This study provides new elements for a better understanding of the composition of the contemporary ichthyofauna in Greece and highlights possible evolutionary mechanisms responsible for the high endemism rate in the Western Greek biogeographic province.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-580
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Phylogeography; nested clade analysis; mitochondrial DNA; river capture; sea level changes; genetic introgression; Leuciscus cephalus.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology

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