Neighbors' Negative Emotional Responses to Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of Gender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The proximity of neighbors places them in an opportune position to detect in-home emergencies and provide critical assistance. The aim of this study is to test neighbors’ negative emotional responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) emergencies and differences in emotional responses depending on the victim’s gender and the bystander’s gender. A total of 384 adults from Israel participated in the study. Four vignettes were presented as hypothet¬ical cases, with differences in the victim’s gender. Following each vignette, participants were asked to rate the intensity of the negative emotions that they experienced (frustration, helplessness, anger, worry, and sadness). The highest levels of negative emotional responses were observed in the three cases in which the victim was a woman, and the lowest was observed in the case in which the victim was a man. According to the results, IPV directed at women caused more negative emotions than IPV directed at men. Generally, a low emotional response predicts lower engagement or simply disengagement from a perceived threat, while a higher emotional response predicts greater engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-57
Number of pages17
JournalPartner Abuse
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Springer Publishing Company.


  • bystander
  • gender differences
  • intimate partner violence
  • negative emotional response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Neighbors' Negative Emotional Responses to Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of Gender'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this