Negative Reinforcement/Negative Affect Reduction Cigarette Smoking Outcome Expectancies: Incremental Validity for Anxiety Focused on Bodily Sensations and Panic Attack Symptoms Among Daily Smokers

Michael J. Zvolensky, Adam Gonzalez, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Amit Bernstein, Renee D. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present investigation evaluated the incremental validity of negative reinforcement/negative affect reduction smoking outcome expectancies in the prediction of anxious and fearful responding to bodily sensations. Participants included 171 daily smokers (82 women, 89 men; mean age = 25.67 years, SD = 10.54). Consistent with prediction, negative reinforcement/negative affect reduction smoking outcome expectancies were significantly predictive of anxiety focused on bodily sensations and postchallenge intensity of cognitive panic attack symptoms, but not of physical panic symptoms. The observed effects were evident above and beyond the statistically significant variance accounted for by the covariates of anxiety sensitivity, negative affectivity, cigarettes per day, and weekly alcohol use and independent of other smoking outcome expectancy factors. Findings are discussed in terms of the role of negative reinforcement/negative affect reduction smoking outcome expectancies and vulnerability for panic symptoms and psychopathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-76
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • coping
  • outcome expectancies
  • panic
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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