## Abstract

We describe a simple deterministic O(ε^{- 1}log Δ) round distributed algorithm for (2 α+ 1) (1 + ε) approximation of minimum weighted dominating set on graphs with arboricity at most α . Here Δ denotes the maximum degree. We also show a lower bound proving that this round complexity is nearly optimal even for the unweighted case, via a reduction from the celebrated KMW lower bound on distributed vertex cover approximation (Kuhn et al. in JACM 63:116, 2016). Our algorithm improves on all the previous results (that work only for unweighted graphs) including a randomized O(α^{2}) approximation in O(log n) rounds (Lenzen et al. in International symposium on distributed computing, Springer, 2010), a deterministic O(αlog Δ) approximation in O(log Δ) rounds (Lenzen et al. in international symposium on distributed computing, Springer, 2010), a deterministic O(α) approximation in O(log ^{2}Δ) rounds (implicit in Bansal et al. in Inform Process Lett 122:21–24, 2017; Proceeding 17th symposium on discrete algorithms (SODA), 2006), and a randomized O(α) approximation in O(αlog n) rounds (Morgan et al. in 35th International symposiumon distributed computing, 2021). We also provide a randomized O(αlog Δ) round distributed algorithm that sharpens the approximation factor to α(1 + o(1)) . If each node is restricted to do polynomial-time computations, our approximation factor is tight in the first order as it is NP-hard to achieve α- 1 - ε approximation (Bansal et al. in Inform Process Lett 122:21-24, 2017).

Original language | English |
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Journal | Distributed Computing |

DOIs | |

State | Accepted/In press - 2023 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2023, The Author(s).

## Keywords

- Approximation algorithms
- Arboricity
- Distributed computing
- Dominating set

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics