Nature in future cities: Prospects and a planning agenda

Daniel Czamanski, Dan Malkinson, Marina Toger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As the world's population is increasing, the world is expected to become much more urban. The pressure on nature in rural areas is increasing at a decreasing rate. In the future, the main stage on which people will cause stress to ecosystems is within and near cities. In this paper we describe the processes of change in the spatial evolution of cities and systems of urban open spaces. We suggest how these processes may change in the future and speculate concerning the repercussions for urban nature. We conclude our review with an admission that much is obscure and that there is a need for a massive coordinated research effort to understand the interactions between built areas of cities and urban nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-520
Number of pages13
JournalBuilt Environment
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies


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