Natufian green stone pendants from el-Wad: Characteristics and cultural implications

Mina Evron, Daniella E. Bar-Yosef Mayer, Naomi Porat

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Beads are used as body and cloth decorations and are considered to reflect personal and/or group awareness (Dubin 2009; Bar-Yosef 1991). The earliest appearance of beads, made of sea-shells, is from about 100,000 years ago and they were discovered in Skhul Cave, Mount Carmel, Israel (Bar-Yosef Mayer 2005, Vanhaerenet al. 2006, Bar-Yosef Mayeret al. 2009) and similar finds were discovered in North Africa and South Africa (d’Erricoet al. 2009; Jerardino and Marean 2010). Ostrich egg shell beads from a site in Kenya, dated to about 40,000 years ago (Ambrose 1998), mark the onset of another type of...
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNatufian Foragers in the Levant: Terminal Pleistocene Social Changes in Western Asia
EditorsOfer Bar-Yosef , François R. Valla
PublisherAnn Arbor: International Monographs in Prehistory, Archaeological Series
StatePublished - 2013


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