Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Author's note: I thank Professors Amnon Cohen and Gad Gilbar, Dr. Butrus Abu Manneh, and Dr. Ilan Papp6, who read earlier versions of this article. Further, while preparing the final version I greatly benefited from comments by Professor Beshara B. Doumani, and I thank the anonymous referees for comments that proved very useful. I also thank my good friend Dick Bruggeman for his help in styling my English text. Needless to say, I alone remain responsible for the content. The Council for Higher Learning (Jerusalem) generously provided a research grant. 'Cf. H. A. R. Gibb and H. Bowen, Islamic Society and the West vol. I, pt. 1 (London, 1950), vol. I, part 2 (London, 1957); B. L. Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey (London, 1961); P. M. Holt, Egypt and the Fertile Crescent 1516-1922 (London, 1966); Amnon Cohen, Palestine in the 18th Century, Patterns of Government and Administration (Jerusalem, 1973).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Sociology and Political Science