Multiple Facets of Self-Control in Arab Adolescents: Parallel Pathways to Greater Happiness and Less Physical Aggression

Belle Gavriel-Fried, Tammie Ronen, Qutaiba Agbaria, Hod Orkibi, Liat Hamama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adolescence is a period of dramatic change that necessitates using skills and strengths to reduce physical aggression and increase happiness. This study examined the multiple facets of self-control skills in achieving both goals simultaneously, in a sample of 248 Arab adolescents in Israel. We conceptualized and tested a new multi-mediator model that posited two parallel paths. Structural equation modeling with bootstrap analysis supported the hypothesized model where self-control linked with subjective happiness directly, and indirectly through positive emotions and social support. In addition, self-control linked directly to physical aggression, and indirectly through hostility and anger. The findings provide new theoretical conceptualizations for further research and suggest possible mechanisms for prevention and intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-422
Number of pages18
JournalYouth and Society
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.

Keywords

  • happiness
  • physical aggression
  • positive emotions
  • self-control
  • social support
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (all)

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