Background: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and developmental coordination disorders (DCD) may show similar clinical sensory-motor symptoms. Aims: This study aimed to compare motor skills and sensory processing behaviors between these two groups. Methods and Procedures. In this retrospective analysis, we examined secondary data and used multivariate analysis of variance to compare the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) and Sensory Processing Measure (SPM)-Home for 21 children with FASD and 21 with DCD without prenatal alcohol exposure, ages 5–13 years. Outcomes and results: No significant group differences in mean total motor or subtest scores on the MABC-2 were detected, but a higher proportion of children with DCD had more severe motor delays. Both groups had sensory processing difficulties, but the children with FASD had significantly more sensory processing difficulties on the SPM total score and visual, touch, body awareness, and planning subscales. Conclusions and implications: The sensory processing symptoms in children with FASD distinguished the two groups. These group differences between children with FASD and DCD need corroboration in larger samples but haveimplications for differential diagnosis, clinical assessment, and targeted intervention.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health award number R33AA019579 , The Walter C. and Anita C. Stolov Research Fund , Crowd funding Experiment.com. The Washington State Fetal Alcohol Diagnostic and Prevention Network is supported by the Washington State Department of Health and Social Services .
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd
- Developmental coordination disorder (DCD)
- Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
- Motor impairment
- Motor performance
- Sensory processing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology