Mindfulness and positive affect: Cross-sectional, prospective intervention, and real-time relations

Tamar Jislin-Goldberg, Galia Tanay, Amit Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study tested trait- and state-mindfulness and trait- and state-positive affect (PA) relations within a cross-sectional study (Study 1; N = 174, 76% women, Mean (SD) age = 24 (2.7) years) and a randomized controlled 4-session mindfulness intervention study (Study 2; N = 51, 65.4% women, Mean (SD) age = 25 (4.3) years). Study 1: levels of trait-mindfulness and trait-like PA were related, as theorized, only among participants with meditation experience. Study 2: Study 2 is a secondary analysis of a mindfulness intervention study [Tanay, Lotan, & Bernstein (2012). Salutary proximal processes and distal mood and anxiety vulnerability outcomes of mindfulness training: A Pilot preventive intervention. Behavior Therapy, 43, 492-505]. Unexpectedly, reduced levels of trait-like PA were observed pre- to post-intervention across conditions. No significant between-group mean differences were observed post-intervention. However, as expected, change in trait-mindfulness from pre- to post-intervention predicted change in trait-like PA among the intervention but not control condition. Second, levels of state-mindfulness during mindfulness meditation were positively related to levels of state-PA. The theoretical and applied implications of these findings for mindfulness and PA are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-361
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Positive Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank Navot Naor, Iftach Amir, and Yaara Assayag for their assistance in carrying out this study. Dr Bernstein recognizes the funding support from the Israeli Council for Higher Education Yigal Alon Fellowship, the European Union FP-7 Marie Curie Fellowship International Reintegration Grant, the National Institute on Drug Abuse LRP, Psychology Beyond Borders Mission Award, the Israel Science Foundation, and the Rothschild-Caesarea Foundation’s Returning Scientists Project at the University of Haifa. Ms. Jislin recognizes the support of the University of Haifa Graduate School. Ms. Tanay recognizes the support from the President’s Scholarship for Outstanding Students and The Craps Charitable Trust Scholarship at the University of Haifa.


  • mindfulness
  • positive affect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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