Mindful Attention to Variability Intervention and Successful Pregnancy Outcomes

Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Ellen Langer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Based on a definition of mindfulness as actively noticing novelty (Langer, 1989; Langer, Blank, & Chanowitz, 1978), the present study sought to examine whether mindfulness training (attention to sensation variability) resulted in better childbirth outcomes for both mother and infant. Method: At Weeks 25–30 of pregnancy, mindful instructions to attend to the variability of their positive and negative physical sensations were given to 1 group of participants and compared with 2 control groups (N = 105). The Langer Mindfulness Scale was used to assess the relationship between trait mindfulness and health outcomes. Results: Findings showed that trait mindfulness predicted the well-being of expecting mothers and better neonatal outcomes. Mindfulness training resulted in better health for the expecting mother. Conclusion: Findings suggest that mindfulness without meditation can be easily taught and may enhance the pregnancy experience for mother and fetus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-907
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • childbirth
  • mindfulness
  • mindlessness
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology


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