Microbiota Metabolite Profiles and Dietary Intake in Older Individuals with Insomnia of Short vs. Normal Sleep Duration

Carmel Even, Faiga Magzal, Tamar Shochat, Iris Haimov, Maayan Agmon, Snait Tamir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent evidence suggests that the gut microbiota plays a role in insomnia pathogenesis. This study compared the dietary habits and microbiota metabolites of older adults with insomnia of short vs. normal sleep duration (ISSD and INSD, respectively). Data collection included sleep assessment through actigraphy, dietary analysis using the Food Frequency Questionnaire, and metabolomic profiling of stool samples. The results show that ISSD individuals had higher body mass index and a greater prevalence of hypertension. Significant dietary differences were observed, with the normal sleep group consuming more kilocalories per day and specific aromatic amino acids (AAAs) phenylalanine and tyrosine and branch-chain amino acid (BCAA) valine per protein content than the short sleep group. Moreover, metabolomic analysis identified elevated levels of the eight microbiota metabolites, benzophenone, pyrogallol, 5-aminopental, butyl acrylate, kojic acid, deoxycholic acid (DCA), trans-anethole, and 5-carboxyvanillic acid, in the short compared to the normal sleep group. The study contributes to the understanding of the potential role of dietary and microbial factors in insomnia, particularly in the context of sleep duration, and opens avenues for targeted dietary interventions and gut microbiota modulation as potential therapeutic approaches for treating insomnia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number419
Issue number4
StatePublished - 30 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.


  • amino acids
  • deoxycholic acid
  • diet
  • insomnia
  • microbiota metabolites
  • sleep duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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