Meta-Awareness of Dysregulated Emotional Attention

Liad Ruimi, Yuval Hadash, Ariel Zvielli, Iftach Amir, Pavel Goldstein, Amit Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We explore the human capacity for and the function(s) of meta-awareness for biased attentional processing of emotional information (MAB) subserving mental (ill) health. We do so by integrating probe-caught sampling methods, signal detection theory, and multilevel modeling of cognitive-experimental laboratory data among daily smokers (N = 75) known to exhibit biased attentional processing of reward-related (drug) cues in addiction. We found (a) evidence of the capacity for and individual differences in MAB; (b) that momentary MAB was most likely observed in the event of the most extreme micro-expressions of biased attentional processing; and (c) that momentary micro-expressions of biased attention without MAB were more likely followed by attentional dysregulation, whereas momentary micro-expressions of biased attention with MAB were more likely followed by more balanced attentional expression or greater attentional control. We discuss the implications for basic and clinical science of meta-awareness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-670
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Psychological Science
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
A. Bernstein recognizes funding support from the Israel Science Foundation and the Caesarea-Rothschild Foundation. L. Ruimi recognizes support from the University of Haifa President’s Doctoral Fellowship Program.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018.

Keywords

  • attentional bias
  • cognitive control
  • emotional attention
  • meta-awareness
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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