Mentally retarded workers' reactions to their jobs

Z. Shapira, R. A. Cnaan, A. Cnaan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reactions of 34 mentally retarded employees to their jobs were examined in a field study conducted at a sheltered workshop. Three experienced social workers observed a group of retarded employees whose job was assembling toys. The workers were then interviewed on their perceptions of and reactions to their job characteristics and supervision, and these were related to performance data that included performance time, productivity, and effort ratings. Results showed that performance measures were related to perceived job characteristics and that growth-need strength (people's needs for personal development and achievement) affected these relationships. On the basis of these results, we discussed the feasibility of using motivation models for retarded workers that were designed for nonretarded workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-166
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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