Menopausal symptoms and attitudes toward hormone replacement therapy among Israeli women

Dvora Frankenthal, Ziv Karni-Efrati, Miri Zatlawi, Lital Keinan-Boker, Michal Bromberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Menopause occurs around midlife and is an inevitable component of women’s aging. The study aimed to investigate the associations between the lifetime prevalence of menopausal symptoms and health-related characteristics among Israeli postmenopausal women aged 55–75 years. Additionally, this study aimed to estimate the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and women’s attitudes toward this treatment. Data for this study were extracted from a cross-sectional national telephone survey conducted in Israel between 2018 and 2020. For the current study, only postmenopausal women aged 55–75 years were included. Multivariate analyses were used to identify demographic and health-related characteristics associated with menopausal symptoms. The study included 688 participants. Most (68.8%) reported one or more menopausal symptoms, specifically vasomotor symptoms (50.4%). According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, menopausal symptoms were associated with moderate-high anxiety and/or depression symptoms (OR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.12–3.58) and with osteoporosis (OR = 1.78, 95% CI 1.08–2.92). Although most (78.3%) symptomatic women were bothered by their symptoms, 29.1% received any treatment for symptom relief and only 12.6% reported current or past use of HRT. The findings show that menopausal symptoms were associated with a higher prevalence of anxiety and/or depression symptoms and osteoporosis in the years following menopause. Most symptomatic women did not receive any treatment and the majority were against HRT. Knowledge and awareness about menopause and treatment options should be increased among Israeli women. Additionally, the promotion of positive attitudes toward menopause and HRT use among women and healthcare providers is strongly recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Women and Aging
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Israel
  • menopausal symptoms
  • menopause

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gender Studies


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