Three major profiles of the meaning of working emerged in this study. The most salient profile, representing more than 40% in a population consisting of 10 target groups (N = 896), was one with high levels of work centrality. The social norm of obligation to society in this leading profile was low, while the norm of opportunities provided by society and organizations was ranked relatively high; concurrently intrinsic work orientation in this profile was relatively high. Some implications of this and other emerging working patterns are briefly discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from the United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF). Jerusalem, Israel. The author expresses his appreciation to the members of the MOW international research team, especially to G. W. England, who were very instrumental in the various stages of this study, to T. Mahoney, M. Weinberg, D. Johnson. J. Gordon, J. Bartunek, P. Fell, and H. Miller for their helpful comments and suggestions on a previous version of the paper, and to B. Nachmani for the computational analysis. The paper was revised with funds provided through the School of Management at Boston College, while the author spent his sabbatical there. Requests for reprints should be sent to ltzhak Harpaz, Department of Economics, University of Haifa, Haifa 31999. Israel.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Life-span and Life-course Studies