Math Anxiety, Self-Centeredness, and Dispositional Mindfulness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Math anxiety has received increasing focus in recent years, yet the causes for developing math-anxiety remain unclear. Whereas previous research focused on physiological/environmental causes, we examine the link between math-anxiety, dispositional mindfulness, and self-centeredness (operationalized as self-prioritization and decentering). The experiment was performed by 81 participants, and included the original perceptual shape-matching task, measuring the self-prioritization effect, and our novel perceptual number/ equation-matching tasks, developed to examine self-prioritization under math-anxiety activation. We also measured math-anxiety, dispositional mindfulness, and decentering (self-reports). We showed that (a) math anxiety was significantly and negatively correlated with dispositional mindfulness and decentering (though there was no correlation between self-prioritization and dispositional mindfulness); (b) self-prioritization was reduced among high math anxiety participants under math-anxiety activation only in the numbermatching task (main finding); and (c) decentering was significantly correlated with self-prioritization in the number-matching task, stemming from the low math anxiety group. Our study is the first to indicate a link between math-anxiety, dispositional mindfulness, and self-centeredness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-407
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Psychological Association


  • Decentering
  • Dispositional mindfulness
  • Math anxiety
  • Self-centeredness
  • Self-prioritization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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