The study explored the adjustment of Arab mothers of children diagnosed with cancer, as shown by the mothers' distress and quality of life. The aim was twofold: to examine the associations between educational level, psychosocial resources and adjustment indices and to assess the moderating effects of psychosocial resources on the education and adjustment association. The sample consisted of 100 Arab mothers who completed questionnaires assessing demographic and illness variables, mastery, social support, psychological distress and quality of life. High levels of education and psychosocial resources contributed to low distress and high levels of quality of life. Mastery and social support moderated the effects of education on adjustment: Under low levels of education, higher mastery was related to lower distress and higher quality of life, and higher social support was related to lower distress. Education, mastery and social support are important resources in the context of adjustment to cancer. In addition, psychosocial resources are important factors for adjustment under low levels of education and should be taken into consideration when developing intervention programmes for Arab parents coping with their child's cancer.
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© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- paediatric cancer
- social support
ASJC Scopus subject areas