The Maʻagan Mikhael B shipwreck is the remains of a 23-m-long merchantman found off the coast of Israel. A significant portion of the wooden hull survived in a good state of preservation, and over 870 glass fragments were found inside the hull remains. The finds included lumps of raw glass and fragments of glass vessels, which were probably intended for recycling. Fragments of bowls, cups, wine glasses, oil lamps, tesserae, bracelets, a glass vessel seal and two almost intact bottles, were also found. Except for a few finds dated to the Late Roman period, most of the glass vessels were dated to the end of the Byzantine and/or the Umayyad periods (7th–8th centuries CE). This is the first time that a glass cargo discovered in a shipwreck from the Early Islamic period has been studied in detail, using typological and analytical methods. The results indicate maritime trade between glass workshops in Israel and Egypt, and that glass cullet was also exported from Israel, although the destination of this cargo is as yet unknown.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The underwater excavations (IAA permits G-41/2016, G-40/2017, G-26/2018 and G-34/2019) and research of the Maʻagan Mikhael B shipwreck are supported by the Israel Science Foundation (grant no. 1891/16), the Honor Frost Foundation, a Sir Maurice Hatter Fellowship, the Research Authority of the University of Haifa, Kibbutz Ma‘agan Mikhael, and anonymous donors, to whom the authors are grateful. Thanks are due to Prof. I. Freestone (chemical analysis of the finds), A. Efremov (photographer), S. Haad (graphics) and J.B. Tresman (English editing). We are grateful for the valuable comments made by the referees.
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
- Glass production
- Late Roman
- Maritime trade
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