Mapping circular economy activities in the European Union: Patterns of implementation and their correlates in small and medium-sized enterprises

Tally Katz-Gerro, Jordi López Sintas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With the European Commission looking for ways to incentivize the adoption of circular economy (CE) activities by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the European Union (EU), further insights into the implementation of CE activities across member states are needed. We analyse a European Commission survey conducted in 2016 among approximately 11,000 firms in EU-28 member states in order to throw light on the conditions in which SMEs engage in five specific CE activities. In contrast to previous studies arguing that CE activities are independent of each other, we present novel findings demonstrating that seven patterns of engagement in CE can be identified in which activities are systematically interdependent. Further, we show that these patterns are associated with the organizational properties of SMEs and are differentially distributed among EU member states and industrial sectors. The interdependency of activities forms a hierarchy in which waste minimization is the most likely activity to be implemented in SMEs, followed, in descending order of likelihood, by replanning of energy use, redesigning products and services, and finally using renewable energy and replanning water usage. The findings have theoretical, managerial, and policy implications for the adoption of interdependent CE activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-496
Number of pages12
JournalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank seminar participants at the Sustainable Consumption Institute, The University of Manchester, for helpful comments on an early version of this paper. We also thank Ailish Maher for copy editing.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment

Keywords

  • Europe
  • SMEs
  • circular economy
  • environment
  • sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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