Long-term prognosis of acute pulmonary oedema - An ominous outcome

Ariel Roguin, Doron Behar, Haim Ben Ami, Shimon A. Reisner, Shimon Edelstein, Shai Linn, Yeouda Edoute

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Acute pulmonary oedema (APOE) is a major health problem, leading to poor hospital and long-term outcomes. There is a relative paucity of studies describing prognosis of consecutive unsolicited patients diagnosed with APOE and hospitalized in internal medicine departments. Aims: To describe the clinical profile and outcome (in hospital and 1-year prognosis) of successive unselected patients with APOE, in a prospective observational study. Methods and results: The study population included 150 consecutive unsolicited patients (90 men, 60 women; median age 75 years) with APOE all hospitalized in an internal medicine department, in a 900-bed care centre. Ischaemic heart disease (IHD), hypertension and diabetes were present in 85%, 70% and 52% of patients, respectively. The most common precipitating factors for APOE included high blood pressure (29%), rapid atrial fibrillation (29%), unstable angina pectoris (25%), infection (18%) and acute myocardial infarction (MI; 15%). Eighteen patients (12%) died in hospital, with 82% of these deaths attributed to cardiac pump failure. Predictors for an increased in-hospital mortality included: diabetes (P < 0.05), orthopnoea (P < 0.05), echocardiographic finding of depressed global left ventricular systolic function (P < 0.001), acute MI during hospital stay (P < 0.001), hypotension/shock (P < 0.05), and the need for mechanical ventilation (P < 0.001). After a median hospital stay of 10 days, 132 patients were discharged home. The 1-year mortality was 40%. Only the presence of pleural effusion was found as a predictor for 1-year mortality. Conclusion: Most patients with APOE in this study are elderly, and have IHD, hypertension, diabetes and a previous history of APOE. The overall mortality is high (in-hospital, 12%: 1- year, 40%). Left ventricular dysfunction was associated with high in-hospital mortality, but not with long-term prognosis. (C) 2000 European Society of Cardiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-144
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Ischaemic heart disease
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Pulmonary oedema
  • Shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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