Long-term care needs and long-term care policy: Comparing Germany and Israel

Monika Reichert, Gerd Naegele, Ruth Katz, Ariela Lowenstein, Dafna Halperin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose — To describe, analyze, and compare two long-term care (LTC) systems for elders in Germany and Israel. Methodology — Secondary analyses of data on LTC beneficiaries, structure of service provision and content analyses of policy documents in a comparative perspective based on the Esping-Andersen welfare state typologies. Findings — Descriptive background of demographic attributes in the two countries; discussion of LTC development laws which in Israel focuses on “aging in place” concept, where in-kind services are geared only to community-dwelling frail elders while in Germany it’s for community and institutionalized elders. Analyses of various service types provided their use, resources invested, and benefits incurred for frail elders and their family caregivers. Practical and social implications — The advantages and shortcomings of the two systems were analyzed with recommendations for future developments. Such comparisons across nations can inform social policy debates in Germany and Israel as to how to prepare for population aging. The originality of such comparison can shed light on issues for LTC service development in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-167
Number of pages37
JournalContemporary Perspectives in Family Research
StatePublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


  • Aging
  • Germany
  • Israel
  • Long-term care systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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