Long range transport of a quasi isolated chlorophyll patch by an Agulhas ring

Yoav Lehahn, Francesco D'Ovidio, Marina Lévy, Yael Amitai, Eyal Heifetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using satellite retrievals of sea surface chlorophyll and geostrophic currents we study the evolution of a distinct chlorophyll patch transported by an Agulhas ring along a ∼1,500 km track. Throughout an ∼11 months period of the total 2 years eddy lifetime, the shape of the chlorophyll patch is consistently delimited by the horizontal transport barriers associated with the eddy. Analysis of Lagrangian time series of sea surface variables in and around the eddy suggests that the evolution of the chlorophyll patch is driven by two processes (i) slow lateral mixing with ambient waters mediated by horizontal stirring in filaments, and (ii) rapid events of wind induced vertical mixing. These results support the idea that mesoscale eddies shape biological production through the combination of horizontal and vertical dynamical processes, and emphasize the important role of horizontal eddy transport in sustaining biological production over the otherwise nutrient-depleted subtropical gyres.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL16610
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume38
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (all)

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