Lessons Learned From 11 Countries on Programs Promoting Intergenerational Solidarity

Cheryl Zlotnick, Marjolein Broese van Groenou, Annamaria Orban, Trudy Corrigan, Susana Coimbra, Zviad Kirtava, Clare Holdsworth, Dolors Comas-d'Argemir, Laura Aliprant, Carole Gadet, George Pavia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The goal of this project was to develop a systematic framework through which interventions promoting intergenerational solidarity in 11 countries could be assessed. Background: Although intergenerational solidarity—the exchange of material, social, and emotional support and care between family generations—benefits both the country's economic well-being (macro-level) and the individual's physical, mental, and social well-being (micro-level), decreasing intergenerational solidarity is evident in many industrialized countries. Interventions promoting intergenerational solidarity are increasingly being developed, but few are described in the literature. Moreover, no unifying framework describing them exists. Method: Representatives from 11 countries convened to identify interventions promoting intergenerational solidarity. After several meetings, a unifying framework was created. Representatives selected a convenience sample of programs and abstracted information based on the framework. Results: The outcome of social well-being was virtually ubiquitous in most programs. Countries appeared to take a broad view of intergenerational solidarity, focusing on interactions among generations, rather than interactions within families. Discussion and Implications: The framework enabled the systematic abstraction and assessment of programs. Most programs had no standard method of evaluating their outcomes. Longitudinal evaluations would be optimal if we want to identify the best practices in intergenerational solidarity programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-681
Number of pages12
JournalFamily Relations
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 National Council on Family Relations


  • country comparisons
  • culture
  • intergenerational solidarity
  • interventions
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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