In the absence of actual evidence on the existence of schools and relevant literature in ancient Israel, the present study attempts to reconstruct the learning methods and stages in light of the terminology applied to study and its accompanying images in the Bible (focused on wisdom literature). The analysis of these terminology and images indicates diVerent teaching methods: listening, obedience, understanding, practice, learning lessons, and searching. These methods are complementary and reflect various stages in the process of acquiring knowledge, from the first passive stage to the last more active and creative stage. In addition, it shows that the ancient Hebrew educators perceived knowledge first and foremost as traditional material, to be passed down from generation to generation.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2003.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Language and Linguistics
- Religious studies
- Linguistics and Language
- Literature and Literary Theory