Laser Remote Sensing of Lake Kinneret by Compact Fluorescence LiDAR

Sergey M. Pershin, Boris G. Katsnelson, Mikhail Ya Grishin, Vasily N. Lednev, Vladimir A. Zavozin, Ilia Ostrovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Harmful algal blooms in freshwater reservoirs became a steady phenomenon in recent decades, so instruments for monitoring water quality in real time are of high importance. Modern satellite remote sensing is a powerful technique for mapping large areas but cannot provide depth-resolved data on algal concentrations. As an alternative to satellite techniques, laser remote sensing is a perspective technique for depth-resolved studies of fresh or seawater. Recent progress in lasers and electronics makes it possible to construct compact and lightweight LiDARs (Light Detection and Ranging) that can be installed on small boats or drones. LiDAR sensing is an established technique; however, it is more common in studies of seas rather than freshwater reservoirs. In this study, we present an experimental verification of a compact LiDAR as an instrument for the shipborne depth profiling of chlorophyll concentration across the freshwater Lake Kinneret (Israel). Chlorophyll depth profiles of 3 m with a 1.5 m resolution were measured in situ, under sunlight conditions. A good correlation (R2 = 0.89) has been established between LiDAR signals and commercial algae profiler data. A non-monotonic algae depth distribution was observed along the boat route during daytime (Tiberias city–Jordan River mouth–Tiberias city). The impact of high algal concentration on water temperature laser remote sensing has been studied in detail to estimate the LiDAR capability of in situ simultaneous measurements of temperature and chlorophyll concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7307
Issue number19
StatePublished - 26 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.


  • Lake Kinneret
  • algal blooming
  • chlorophyll-a fluorescence
  • laser remote sensing
  • water quality monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Laser Remote Sensing of Lake Kinneret by Compact Fluorescence LiDAR'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this