Landscapes and Landforms of Israel—An Overview

Amos Frumkin, Nurit Shtober-Zisu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Three geographical factors determine the character of Israel: its location in the Mediterranean zone, at the crossroads of three continents and two oceans, and on the border between the desert and the sown. Like other Mediterranean countries, Israel has a predominantly hilly topography, a bedrock foundation in which carbonate rocks predominate, and a sunny climate characterized by a sharp seasonal division between a rainy winter and an arid summer. The combination of these factors together create the country's distinctive landscapes, soils, and vegetation. This chapter aims to draw a brief picture of the four lengthwise strips, running north to south, and their subdivision into major physiographic unitsPhysiographic units that together form the landscapes of this country.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorld Geomorphological Landscapes
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2024

Publication series

NameWorld Geomorphological Landscapes
VolumePart F2449
ISSN (Print)2213-2090
ISSN (Electronic)2213-2104

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2024.


  • Central mountain belt
  • Coastal plain
  • Physiographic units
  • Relief
  • The Dead Sea transform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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