Lake Kinneret Watershed—Landscape Heterogeneity and Human Impact

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The 2700 km2 Lake KinneretLake Kinneret drainage basin exemplifies the diversity and complexity of the Mediterranean climate physiographic region. It is characterized by highly variable geology, geomorphology, soils, climate, vegetation and land use. Human activityHuman activity proved to be the main factor affecting changes in this environment. This chapter deals with erosion forms and processes, as reflected in the fluvial system morphology. The effects of erosion are of major environmental concern in Mediterranean climate areas, which are characterized by relatively high sediment yields, although rates of erosion variate depending on climatic, physiographic and human factors. The long dry Mediterranean summer is dominated by a dry, high-pressure cell which in winter retreats to allow a series of cold fronts to cross the eastern Mediterranean from the west sea. The Kinneret drainage basin is semiarid (P/ETP = 0.20–0.50). The average rainfall is 700 mm and the evapotranspiration ETP = 1600 mm (P/ETP = 0.41). Only the mountainous areas receive more than 800 mm rainfall and have a subhumid climate. Nine landscape sub-units reflect. The geodiversityGeodiversity and heterogeneity of the Lake Kinneret watershed, characterizing a “mosaic” type of land. This region has a continuous and old history of human presence since early Paleolithic period, but the major effects in the environment occurred in historic times and has been exacerbated in the last decades.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorld Geomorphological Landscapes
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2024

Publication series

NameWorld Geomorphological Landscapes
VolumePart F2449
ISSN (Print)2213-2090
ISSN (Electronic)2213-2104

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2024.


  • Geodiversity
  • Human activity
  • Jordan River
  • Lake Kinneret
  • Physiographic units

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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