Justice and education

Nura Resh, Clara Sabbagh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Resting on Walzer’s distinction of Spheres of Justice that defines education as a specific justice sphere, we discuss in this chapter five educational subspheres where resources and rewards (or sanctions) are being constantly distributed and their “fairness” is evaluated by its main beneficiaries-the students. The five spheres that we discuss are: Access to education (and resource allocation to realize the access), allocation of learning places, allocation of teaching methods and pedagogy, grading, and teacher-student relations. Although education is a major domain of societal action in the modern world and “equality of educational opportunity,” which is clearly a justice slogan, leads the public interest and academic research, the clear approach to education as a distinct sphere of justice, much of the educational and academic discussions focused on “inequality” or “gaps,” and the investigation of sense of justice among students, teachers, and parents, is a relatively new field of study that is growing considerably in recent decades. Following Jasso’s definition of the central questions that guide investigation in the justice domain, our discussion in each of these subspheres is structured to deal with the “just,” the “actual,” and the “consequences” of injustice in their distribution, summarizing the theoretical discussion and empirical findings to best of our knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Social Justice Theory and Research
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781493932160
ISBN (Print)9781493932153
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016.


  • Distributive justice
  • Educational system
  • Equality of opportunity
  • Grading
  • Pedagogy
  • Right to education
  • School
  • Teaching methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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