Since the middle of the 19th century, housing the growing number of Jews immigrating to Palestine demanded resources that were not available to all immigrants. Housing projects were initiated either by Jewish philanthropists or building associations established by leaders of local communities. Numbers of immigrants rose sharply with the increasing involvement of the Zionist national movement in Palestine and the establishment of the British Mandatory regime. Most houses were built then by the private sector, widening the gap among different socio-economic groups. Only after the 1948 war and the termination of the colonial regime, was the newly established State of Israel able to initiate large-scale housing projects, due to its control of former Arab-owned lands. The distribution of those lands raised conflicts between different sectors of the Israeli society, such as in the following two cases of public housing projects initiated in the Tel Aviv metropolitan area.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Sociology and Political Science
- Urban Studies