Jewish-arab violence: Perspectives of a dominant majority and a subordinate minority

Yohanan Eshel, Michal Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In 2 studies, the authors investigated intergroup violence as perceived by Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs. University and junior high school students judged Jewish-Arab clashes, which ended in shots fired at a crowd of either Jewish or Arab demonstrators. The authors hypothesized that judgments of these shootings would be contingent on 3 variables: the origin of the respondent, the origin of the shooter, and the level of danger to the shooter. The results tended to support those hypotheses: (a) Both Jewish and Arab respondents justified shootings by members of their own group more readily than those by members of the other group. (b) Jewish judgments of violence were associated more closely than Arab judgments with the danger that the demonstrators posed to the shooter. (c) The Jewish respondents referred to self-defense more often than did the Arab respondents to justify their judgments, whereas the Arab respondents referred more often to intergroup considerations. Those differences may reflect the disagreement between the majority and the minority on the issue that each group should take into consideration in cases of international violence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-565
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2002


  • Israeli Arabs
  • Israeli jews
  • Junior high students
  • Justification for violence
  • Majority perspective
  • Minority perspective
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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