Israelite exiles in media: A new look at nd 2443+

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This paper reexamines ND 2443+, a Neo-Assyrian administrative record excavated at Calah in 1952, and first published by Barbara Parker in 1961 (Iraq 23, pp. 27-28). A new translation of this important text is presented, followed by a few notes and a discussion on the relation between the Israelite exile Hilqī-Iau, and the city Sagbat/Bīt-Sagbat in Media. The text should be dated to the last years of Tiglath-pileser III since it mentions Bel-Harran-belu-usur, the nagir ekalli, first appointed ca. 775 B.C., and the Israelites Hilqī-Iau and Gir-Iau, probably exiled from Israel after the 733-732 B.C. campaign. In light of the new interpretation of ND 2443+ the issue of "the cities of Media" (1 Kgs 17:6; 18:14) is reconsidered, and it is suggested that ND 2443+ indicates the deportation of Israelites to Media in the last years of Tiglath-pileser III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalVetus Testamentum
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2009


  • Assyria
  • Exiles
  • Hilqi-Iau
  • The cities of media
  • Tiglath-pileser III

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • History
  • Religious studies
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory


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