Is the Y-PEM useful for me? Perspectives of youth with visual impairment

Mallory Ryan, Saeideh Shahin, Michal Waisman-Nitzan, Dana Anaby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To explore how youth with visual impairments perceive the usefulness of the Y-PEM (Youth and Young-adult Participation and Environment Measure) in capturing their participation and how information generated contributes to their understanding of participation experiences. Materials and methods: A qualitative descriptive design was employed among 11 youth with visual impairment (3 females, 8 males) aged 17–24 (x¯ = 21, SD = 2.6) involving two remote sessions one week apart. First, the Y-PEM and QQ-10 questionnaire were administered to evaluate Y-PEM’s utility (value and burden), analyzed descriptively. Then, youth reflected on their Y-PEM results via an individual semi-structured Stimulated Recall Interview (SRI), analyzed thematically. Results: A mean value-score of 77% (SD = 10.4) and burden-score of 19% (SD = 5.6) on the QQ-10 indicated the Y-PEM was perceived as valuable with relatively low burden. Three themes emerged from the interviews. Insights on participation revealed increased awareness of participation patterns and environmental factors. This led to a reflection on personal attributes about levels of comfort and familiarity, efforts required to participate, and personal preferences influencing participation experiences. Finally, approaches to participation elucidated strategies used in decision-making processes about pursuing participation. Conclusion: Findings suggest the Y-PEM is useful in capturing and promoting reflection of youth’s participation patterns and environmental supports/barriers.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Early online date12 Dec 2023
StateE-pub ahead of print - 12 Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Participation measure
  • assessment
  • environment
  • transition-aged
  • visual impairment
  • young adults
  • young people
  • youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation


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