Aquaponics is often presented as a sustainable food production system that can reduce environmental costs of global food production; yet, its actual environmental effects are understudied. The aim of this research was to review the limited number of life cycle assessment studies dealing with aquaponics, and to highlight environmental cost and benefit of this practice. Our assessment highlights some of the problems, challenges, and advantages of aquaponics as a valuable food production system. We propose guidelines for future life cycle assessments of aquaponics that will facilitate policy and decision-making for farmers with respect to aquaponics.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by an advanced studies scholarship from the University of Haifa.
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
- Environmental impact
- Life cycle assessment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aquatic Science
- Agronomy and Crop Science