Maintaining participation beyond the initial period of engagement is critical for peer production systems. Theory suggests that an increase in motivation is expected with contributors' movement from the community periphery to the core. Less is known, however, about how specific motivations change over time. We fill this gap by focusing on individual motivational paths in the formative periods of engagement, exploring which motivations change and how. We collected data on various instrumental and noninstrumental motivations at two points in study participants' Wikipedia career: when they started editing and again after six months. We found that non-instrumental motivations (including collective and intrinsic motives) decreased significantly over time, in contrast with socially-driven motivations such as norm-oriented motivates which did not change and social motives which increased marginally. The findings offer new insights into newcomers' evolving motivations, with implications for designing and managing peer-production systems.
|Title of host publication||CHI 2017 - Proceedings of the 2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems|
|Subtitle of host publication||Explore, Innovate, Inspire|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 2 May 2017|
|Event||2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2017 - Denver, United States|
Duration: 6 May 2017 → 11 May 2017
|Name||Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings|
|Conference||2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2017|
|Period||6/05/17 → 11/05/17|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by NSF grant ACI-1322218.
© 2017 ACM.
- Peer production
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design