Transposable elements (TE) and tandem repeats (TR) compose the largest fraction of the plant genome. The abundance and repatterning of repetitive DNA underlie intrapopulation polymorphisms and intraspecific diversification; however, the dynamics of repetitive elements in ontogenesis is not fully understood. Here, we addressed the genotype-specific and tissue-specific abundances and dynamics of the Ty1-copia, Ty3-gypsy, and LINE retrotransposons and species-specific Spelt1 tandem repeat in wild diploid goatgrass, Aegilops speltoides Tausch. Copy numbers of TEs and TR were estimated by real-time quantitative PCR in vegetative and generative tissues in original plants from contrasting allopatric populations and artificial intraspecific hybrids. The results showed that between leaves and somatic spike tissues as well as in progressive microsporogenesis of individual genotypes, the copy numbers of three TEs correlatively oscillated between 2- to 4-fold and the TR copy numbers fluctuated by 18- to 440-fold. Inter-individual and intraorganismal TEs and TR copy number dynamics demonstrate large-scale parallelism with extensive chromosomal rearrangements that were detected using fluorescent in situ hybridization in parental and hybrid genotypes. The data obtained indicate that tissue-specific differences in the abundance and pattern of repetitive sequences emerge during cell proliferation and differentiation in ontogenesis and reflect the reorganization of individual genomes in changing environments, especially in small peripheral population(s) under the influence of rapid climatic changes.
|Number of pages||16|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding information This work was financially supported by the Israel Science Foundation under grant number 723/07 for OR.
© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature.
- Aegilops speltoides
- Genome evolution
- Intraspecific hybridization
- Repetitive DNA
- Retrotransposon copy numbers
- Tandem repeats
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology