Research has revealed the negative consequences of internalized stigma among people with serious mental illness (SMI), including reductions in self-esteem and hope. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between internalized stigma and subjective quality of life (QoL) by examining the mediating role of self-esteem and hope. Measures of internalized stigma, self-esteem, QoL, and hope were administrated to 179 people who had a SMI. Linear regression analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used to analyze the cross-sectional data. Self-esteem mediated the relation between internalized stigma and hope. In addition, hope partially mediated the relationship between self-esteem and QoL. The findings suggest that the effect of internalized stigma upon hope and QoL may be closely related to levels of self-esteem. This may point to the need for the development of interventions that target internalized stigma as well as self-esteem.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health Grant R34-MH082161 to the authors P.T.Y, P.H.L and D.R.
- Internalized stigma
- Quality of life
- Serious mental illness
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry