Internal locus of control moderates the effects of road-hostility on recalled driving behavior

Yori Gidron, Reuven Gal, Helena Syna Desevilya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the main and interactive effects of road-hostility and driving internal locus of control on self-reported driving behavior. Ninety-five Israeli students (mean age=25 years) anonymously completed scales assessing road-hostility, driving internal locus of control (DI), and the Speed and Deviance subscales of the Driving Style Questionnaire (DSQ-score). Only road-hostility was significantly correlated with DSQ-scores (r=.54). DI moderated the effects of road-hostility in relation to DSQ-scores: The association between road-hostility and DSQ-scores was larger among subjects with low than with high levels of DI. Finally, 64% of high-hostile low DI drivers were involved in an accident compared to only 29% of high-hostile high DI drivers. These results suggest that future studies need to examine the effects of increasing DI on the negative effects of road-hostility on driving behavior. The study's theoretical interpretations, application to accident-prevention and limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was sponsored by a Returning-Scientist grant given to Dr. Yori Gidron by the Israeli Ministry of Immigration and Absorption. The first author is thankful for that support. The authors wish to thank Ms. Michal Shapira and Mr. Joseph Kaplan for there assistance with this study.


  • Driving behavior
  • Interactions
  • Internal locus of control
  • Moderation
  • Road-hostility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Applied Psychology


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