Intensity uctuations due to the motion of internal solitons in shallow water

Jixing Qin, Boris Katsnelson, Zhenglin Li, Renhe Zhang, Wenyu Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mode coupling plays a dominant role in the uctuations of sound signals at the receiver for sufficiently large inclination angle of the internal soliton (IS) front relative to the acoustic path. The coupled-mode formulas for sound filed uctuations are given in this situation. Theoretical analysis is carried out for intensity uctuations due to the motion of ISs in shallow water, and numerical simulations are also performed using a parabolic equation model. The quasi-periodic variations of intensity can be observed from the numerical results. The peaks in the spectrum of intensity take place at the so called predominant frequency and its higher harmonics. The predominant frequency is proportional to the velocity of the IS motion along the acoustic path and inversely proportional to the scale of interference beating of the interacting modes, which corresponds to the cycle length of the critical ray in the ray theory. The predominant frequency value does not depend on the IS shape. Moreover, the vertical structures of the intensity spectrum are analyzed and shown to correspond the shapes of the modes which contribute significantly to intensity uctuations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
JournalShengxue Xuebao/Acta Acustica
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Acta Acustica. All right reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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