Intelligence, as measured by psychometric tests of cognitive ability, correlates modestly with superior adaptation and effective self-regulation, especially in academic and occupational contexts. Various causal hypotheses for associations between intelligence and health have been proposed. Longitudinal data show that low intelligence predicts numerous adverse health outcomes, including vulnerability to mental disorders. Higher ability may signal superior neurological functioning or bodily integrity, or it may correlate with social and behavioral factors that support health. Low ability may also depress performance on intellectual tasks. The clinical significance of intelligence has been investigated in studies of conditions including anxiety, depression, schizophrenia and psychopathy.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Mental Health|
|Subtitle of host publication||Second Edition|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 2016|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Achievement motivation
- Cognitive ability
- Emotional intelligence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychology (all)