Integrating Citizen Experiences in Cultural Heritage Archives: Requirements, State of the Art, and Challenges

Enrico Daga, Luigi Asprino, Rossana Damiano, Marilena Daquino, Belen DIaz Agudo, Aldo Gangemi, Tsvi Kuflik, Antonio Lieto, Mark Maguire, Anna Maria Marras, Delfina Martinez Pandiani, Paul Mulholland, Silvio Peroni, Sofia Pescarin, Alan Wecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Digital archives of memory institutions are typically concerned with the cataloguing of artefacts of artistic, historical, and cultural value. Recently, new forms of citizen participation in cultural heritage have emerged, producing a wealth of material spanning from visitors' experiential feedback on exhibitions and cultural artefacts to digitally mediated interactions like the ones happening on social media platforms. Citizen curation is proposed in the context of the European project SPICE (Social Participation, Cohesion, and Inclusion through Cultural Engagement) as a methodology for producing, collecting, interpreting, and archiving people's responses to cultural objects, with the aim of favouring the emergence of multiple, sometimes conflicting, viewpoints and motivating users and memory institutions to reflect upon them. We argue that citizen curation urges to rethink the nature of computational infrastructures supporting data management of memory institutions, bringing novel challenges that include issues of distribution, authoritativeness, interdependence, privacy, and rights management. To approach these issues, we survey relevant literature toward a distributed, Linked Data infrastructure, with a focus on identifying the roles and requirements involved in such an infrastructure. We show how existing research can contribute significantly in facing the challenges raised by citizen curation and discuss challenges and opportunities from the socio-technical standpoint.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)11:1-11:35
Number of pages35
JournalJournal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research leading to this publication has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreements “SPICE - Social Cohesion, Participation, and Inclusion through Cultural Engagement” (Grant Agreement N. 870811),, and "Polifonia: a digital harmoniser of musical cultural heritage" (Grant Agreement N. 101004746), Authors’ addresses: E. Daga (corresponding author) and P. Mulholland, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom, MK6 6AA; emails: {enrico.daga, paul.mulholland}; L. Asprino, M. Daquino, and S. Peroni, University of Bologna, via Zamboni, 32, Bologna, Italy, 40126; emails: {luigi.asprino, marilena.daquino2, silvio.peroni}; R. Damiano, University of Turin (CIRMA and Di-partimento di Informatica), Corso Svizzera 185, Turin, Italy, 10149; email:; B. D. Agudo, Complutense University of Madrid, Facultad de Informática. Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid, Spain, 28040; email:; A. Gangemi, CNR, ISTC–Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, Rome, Italy; email:; T. Kuflik and A. Wecker, The University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel 31905; emails:,; A. Lieto, University of Turin (CIRMA and Dipartimento di Informatica) and ICAR-CNR, Corso Svizzera 185, Turin 10149, Italy; email:; M. Maguire, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland; email:; A. M. Marras, University of Turin, Turin, Italy; email:; D. M. Pan-diani, University of Bologna, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bologna 40126, Italy; email:; S. Pescarin, CNR, ISPC–Institute of Heritage Science, Florence, Italy; email: Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than the author(s) must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, or republish, to post on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from © 2022 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM. 1556-4673/2022/01-ART11 $15.00

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM.


  • Cultural heritage
  • citizen curation
  • semantic web

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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