Instrumental and normative motives for compliance with traffic laws among young and older drivers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study compares young and older drivers' motives for compliance with traffic laws. Instrumental motives, such as perceived danger of violations, and normative motives, such as a sense of obligation to obey the law, were explored. A questionnaire was administered to 693 male drivers in the Israeli army. The results support previous findings, showing that young drivers' motives for compliance with traffic laws, both instrumental and normative, are weaker than those of older drivers. The differences between the two age groups are larger with regard to normative than to instrumental motives. The commission of traffic violations by young drivers is predicted by the normative motives of a sense of obligation to obey traffic laws and perceived fairness of punishment. The commission of driving violation by older drivers is predicted by the instrumental motive of perceived danger of violations. The differences between young and older drivers' motives are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-424
Number of pages8
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Department of Casualties and Road Safety of the Israeli Army and by the Accident Prevention Fund of the Israel Transportation Ministry. The study was carried out as part of a general research project of the Research Section of the Department of Casualties. The author would like to thank Orit Taubman, Head of the Research section, for introducing her to this research area and for her help, and Ateret Malahi for her assistance.

Keywords

  • Motives
  • Traffic violations
  • Young drivers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

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