Indelible Impression: Petrographic Analysis of Judahite Bullae

Eran Arie, Yuval Goren, Inbal Samet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Little of what was undoubtedly a vast store of written letters and legal documents from the kingdom of Judah has been preserved in the archaeological record. Although a number of inscriptions marked on ostraca and seals have been found from the Iron Age, it may safely be assumed that the great majority of texts were written on scrolls or papyri that did not survive. The sources refer to these scribal records, but we must assume that they have been lost forever. All that remains of these texts are the clay sealings, or “bullae,” that were once attached to them.Bullae
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Fire Signals of Lachish
Subtitle of host publicationStudies in the Archaeology and History of Israel in the Late Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Persian Period in Honor of David Ussishkin
EditorsI. Finkelstein, N. Na'aman
Place of PublicationWinona Lake
PublisherPenn State University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781575062051
StatePublished - 2011


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